The Black-backed Jackal is a large canine that is native to east and south Africa. The species has a low concern status, due to its broad appeal and adaptability according to the IUCN. The species is a fox-like animal with a reddish-brown to tan coat and a black saddle from the shoulders to the base of the tail. It provides a wide assortment of food sources, feeding small to mid-sized animals as well as plant matter and human waste. The animal is monogamous which may survive in the family and raise the young generation. It is a very old species that had very little change for decades after the Pleistocene.

The Black-backed Jackal is endemic to Africa, found in two separate subpopulations: one in East Africa; and one in southern Africa. The species is generally found in savanna, grassland, and rocky terrain.
Black-backed jackals are carnivores that feed primarily on insects and other small animals, including rodents, reptiles, and birds. They live in small family groups, organized around an alpha male. The dominant male procures all the food, and the rest of the family scavenges the rest.

Jackals are monogamous, and most mating occurs during the hottest time of the year, in July and August. The gestation period is 30 days, and litters can have from two to six young. The female gives birth to a litter of about 3 to 4 pups; the pups are weaned by the age of 5 months. Young jackals disperse from their natal range after 1 year of age, but adults may remain within 100 kilometers of their natal home.

Black-backed jackals are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation. They are hunted for bushmeat, and human-related reasons, such as loss of habitat, persecution, and conflict with humans.
Black-backed jackals are protected in some national parks and game reserves. They are also protected in parts of their range. However, black-backed jackals are an opportunistic species and maybe killed by humans if they become a threat to livestock or crops.

The Black-backed Jackal is widely distributed throughout sub-Saharan Africa, from Senegal and southern Mauritania to Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Mozambique, Swaziland, Lesotho, and, in south-western …

The black-backed jackal is a medium-sized canid with a body length of 32–41 cm (13–16 in) and weighing 2.5–4.2 kg (5–9 lbs). The head, which is slightly distinct from the rest of the body, is wedge-shaped. The ears are large and rounded and set on the sides of the head, and the eyes are set far apart. The muzzle is short and pointed, and the tail is long and bushy, ending in a short, pointed tip. The fur is coarse, with dark, short, and bushy guard hair. The feet have five toes, and all four digits are black. The species is distinguished from the similar, but slightly larger, spotted jackal by the absence of spotting on the underparts. The black-backed jackal is sexually dimorphic, with a male’s head and body length being 26–34 cm (10–14 in) and a female’s being 29–42 cm (11–16 in). The male’s tail is 45–55 cm (18–22 in) long, and the female is 30–45 cm (12–18 in) long. Both sexes have a white, furless patch on the throat, which disappears in the male’s second year. The species is native to Africa and is found only in open habitats, such as savannas and grasslands, but it may adapt to…

Humans are encroaching on the living spaces of jackals.

 

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